Jung's Methods in Psychotherapy
Jung's method in psychotherapy follows
the Freud's one, as he often admitted. In rare cases, when Freudian approach of the psyche is not sufficient, Jung would apply also a complementary method that should guide the patient to a personal confrontation with
the collective unconscious and its
This confrontation aims at the assimilation of archetypal images, in short, the individuation
- an extensive process that leads to the realization of the psychic wholeness
made of the conjunction of the conscious and the unconscious. In common terms, it is all about an extension of the conscious mind to include the archetypal materials pointing to the basics of the completeness.
The entire process is achieved through the following methods of exploration:
Free Associations Test
Test used in psychotherapeutic treatment
that consists of recording the average response time to certain stimulus-words. The patient is asked to answer to the inducted words pronounced by the analyst with any word that comes to his mind. The response time can
be an indicator of the activated unconscious complexes.
Up to a point, Jung's dream interpretation method follows the Freud's one, including the free associations, subject level,
retrospective approach. But he later added several new concepts, such as the amplification of dream content, the idea that the dream brings a compensation
to the one-sided individual ego, and its finality that aims at the the psychic wholeness. Learn more...
Jung invited his patients to let all the things flow in their mind.
That is, the inner fantasies must flow freely while the patient must proceed not as a detached and contemplative viewer, nor as a psychotherapist, but as an actor that takes part in his fantasies, that plays a role in them. The fantasies are products of the unconscious and must be fully integrated in his conscious mind.
A large part of dream interpretation technique at Jung consists in symbol analysis. It aims at the integration of
the unconscious contents and the extension of conscious mind. Learn more.
Playing, painting, building and other such activities
may lead one to explore and manifest his own unconscious contents. In painting one may express a visual representation of the wholeness. Also in building, one may relieve his inner creative forces blocked or inhibited by his one-sided moral or ethical values.