Carl Jung Biography
Motto: "Thank God I am Jung, not Jungian" (C.G. Jung)
Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) had a significant contribution to the psychoanalytical movement and is generally considered as the prototype
of the dissident through the impact of his scission and the amplification of the movement he created in his turn (analytical psychology).
Jung was the son of a Swiss reverend. He completed his medical studies, specialized in psychiatry and joined the staff of Burgholzli, the
renowned psychiatric hospital in Zurich, run at that time by the famous Dr. Eugen Bleuler.
Burgholzli psychiatric hospital in Zurich
In 1902-1903 he attended a traineeship in Paris with Pierre Janet, and then returned to Zurich and he was called
senior physician at Burgholzli.
It was in this context that Jung was introduced to Freud in 1907. Freud would be
seduced by the prestige and personality of Jung and would soon see in him the spiritual son that could ensure the survival of psychoanalysis, so much so as Jung was not Jewish.
Intense, professional and friendship bonds form between the two, with an ambivalence dominated by the inclination of Jung to underestimate himself in
comparison with Freud, the fervor of his devotion to the "father" of psychoanalysis and oneiric hostility (emphasized by Freud in the common interpretation of dreams).(1)
Jung (right) and Freud (left)
at Clark University, USA
Jung had a swift ascension in the hierarchy of psychoanalysis. He became the editor of Jahrbuch.
In 1908, he traveled to the United States and in 1910 he became the first president o the
International Association of Psychoanalysis.
The reluctance of Jung towards the Freudian theory referred to the role of sexuality in the psychic development. In fact, Jung never completely embraced the sexual
theory of Freud.
Since 1912 he became more and more distant in his writings, which would cause a scission materialized in 1914 by his resignation from all the positions he already held.
After a period of personal turmoil, Jung founded his own school and produced a vast number of studies that would attract a great number of disciples.(2)
Jung Institut in Kusnacht, Zurich
By abandoning the meanders of psychosexuality, Jung would establish himself in the fields of spirituality and esoteric science. The aim of his psychology is the so-called process of individuation, which is the realization of the Self (the union of the consciousness unconscious) and other guide marks, such as the archetypes, the
collective unconscious, the assimilation of anima/animus and shadow, etc.
In the practice of dream interpretation, Jung introduces the method of amplification, illustrated in a great number of books, such as Psychology and Alchemy.
1. A paper commenting on a dream of Carl Jung treats of this issue. You may order the PDF version of the paper here.
2. To consult the bibliography of Jung click here.
- Why did Jung complain about Jungians? (coming soon)